Materials Science and Engineering 201 Fundamentals of Materials Science Course Description The course aims to provide the students a fundamental background on the structure and properties of materials. Topics include structure of amorphous and crystalline solids, X-ray Diffraction, defect in solids, phase equilibria, kinetics of crystallization, diffusion in solids, mechanical properties of materials, electrical and optical properties, and materials processing and design. Course Objectives At the end of the semester the student shall:

  1. Gain a clear understanding of the basic structure and properties of metals, ceramics, plastics (polymers), semiconductors and composites
  2. Be familiar with the crystalline state and their lattices; assign Miller indices and understand defects structures, points, dislocations and volume defects
  3. Gain an overview of X-ray diffraction, microscopy, and other techniques for probing atomic and microstructure of solid materials
  4. Learn the basic s of mechanical properties in terms of stress-strain relationships, measurement techniques, and be able to differentiate classes of materials in terms of their mechanical properties
  5. Learn the phase diagrams of materials and their use in processing such as alloying of metals and synthesis of ceramics
  6. Gain an overview of polymeric structures and their viscoelastic properties
  7. Gain an overview of semiconductor structure, electronic properties and device applications
  8. Gain an overview of composites, their design and properties and sample applications
  9. Gain an overview of the electrical, optical, magnetic and thermal properties of materials and the measurement techniques
  10. Gain an overall understanding of the interplay between composition and microstructure, and general structure-property relationship as applied to the design and understanding of the functional properties of different materials

Course Outline

  1. Introduction/overview of Materials Science and Engineering, Atomic Scale Structures
  2. Crystal Structures, Bravais lattices, Miller Indices, X-Ray Diffraction, Point Defects and Diffusion
  3. Linear defects and Plastic Deformation in Solids
  4. Amorphous Solids; Structures and properties
  5. Solid transformations in solids, phase diagrams
  6. Kinetics of Crystallization
  7. Mechanical Properties of Solids, deformation, fracture, fatigue, creep, viscoelastics properties
  8. Survey of electrical, Optical and Magnetic Properties
  9. Thermal Properties
  10. Composites
  11. Effects of Environments on Materials properties, corrosion, environment impact
  12. Materials synthesis and design


References William D. Callister. Material Science & Engineering. An Introduction, John Wiley and Sons, Inc. 1997 Schaffer, J.ZP., A. Saxena, S.D. Antolovich, T.H. Sanders, Jr. and S.B. Warner. The Science and Design of Engineering Materials (Irwin, International Student Ed, 1995) Barret, C.R., W.D. Nix, and A.S. Tetelman. The Principles of Engineering Materials (Prentice-Hall, New Jersey, 1973) Hummel, R.E. Electronic Properties of Materials (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1985). The Principles of Materials Selection for Engineering Design – Pat L. Mangonon